The hyperhidrosis or the excess of sweating is frequent problem. About two or three percent of the population is affected by any type of alteration of perspiration, being on its more severe forms a condition that causes a great impact on the development of daily activities of the person that is affected by it.
The main cause for the emergence of this condition is usually produced by the excess of autonomic nervous stimulation of the sweating glands without an objective cause; this is the case of hyperhidrosis of idiopathic or essential origin in medical terms. In this case there is no cause that explains the presence of this phenomenon; the only clear evidence is the excess of stimulation through autonomic nerves.
Medically the hyperhidrosis given its origin is classified in the following types:
- Primary order: the hyperhidrosis is a disorder of an unknown origin and without a specific explanation for the problem, which only affects to certain persons, like a functional “defect” or as a characteristic of the individual. Luckily this condition is present only on one hundred percent of the population in general, the incidence could be higher if the normal amount of sweating could be measured, taking that information as a basis the percentage of people affected by hyperhidrosis could be bigger than one hundred percent. As a characteristic of this condition, it is present on young people and mainly on women becoming evident during early age like childhood and adolescence. It affects many areas of the body such as the palms of hands, plants of feet, armpits and face. It is characterized for being a symmetric affection, which means that it affects both sides in the same way and it increases on episodes of daily activities or work, on which people affected is exposed to high levels of stress. Therefore during sleeping time there is a surcease of the excessive perspiration.
- Secondary order: the hyperhidrosis can be a manifestation of an established medical condition, mainly in the case of systemic diseases (which affect the whole organism) like diseases of the endocrine type (related to glands) like hyperthyroidism and hypoglycemia. Neurological diseases like focal lesions of the central nervous system and syringomyelia. The abuse of drugs like antiemetics and antidepressants can also trigger the emergence of hyperhidrosis of the secondary type. Menopause and neoplastic diseases such as cancer of different types like the Hodgkin's lymphoma, pheochromocytoma and carcinoid tumors besides some chronic infections can also trigger the presence of hyperhidrosis.
Most of the people which are affected by this condition present hyperhidrosis of primary order in a pathological way (abnormal), which means that there is not a specific cause for the condition. There are ways to certify and quantify the magnitude of hyperhidrosis, which are two very important factors at the moment of choosing the right treatment. During the last decade a variety of treatments for hyperhidrosis have been developed, being the most effective Driclor which provides satisfactory and permanent results.